Al-Farabi and his heritage

The outstanding thinker of the East Abu Nasr al-Farabi was born (870) in the city of Farab which is nowadays called Otrar, located in the place of a confluence of the river Arys with the Syr Darya (that corresponds to Otrar district of the Southern Kazakhstan area of modern Kazakhstan). He is a native of exclusive layers of Turkic peoples about what witnesses the word "tarkhan" as a part of its full name: Abu-Nasyr Mahomed Ibn-Mahomed Ibn-Tarkhan ibn-Uzlag al-Farabi at-Turki. In the 9-10th centuries the city of Otrar was large political, cultural and shopping center and was nodal point of caravan roads of a great Silk Way which connected medieval Europe and Asia. Abu Nasr received a basis of scientific knowledge in Otrar where he lived up to 20 years and had an opportunity to study philosophical and scientific works of the library richest for those times, the second in the world on number of books and manuscripts (after the well-known Alexandria book-depository). Then he studied and worked in Bukhara, Samarkand, he lived many years in Baghdad which is the cultural and political center of the Arab Caliphate. He spent the last years of the life in Cairo, Aleppo and Damascus and was highly esteemed. In December of  950 y  at the age of 80 years al-Farabi died in Damascus.

Al-Farabi had an opportunity very much early will get acquainted in originals with works of Aristotle, Platon and other Ancient Greek philosophers, having become one of founders of east peripatetizma in this connection, he received a pro-rank "Second Teacher" after Aristotle. It left behind rich scientific heritage – about 200 treatises which cover the most various industries of knowledge. Farabi commented on "Category", "Hermeneutics", Topeka, "Categories", "Analytics" (1st and 2nd), "Sophistry", "Rhetoric", "Logic" and Aristotle's "Poetics", and also "Entering in philosophy" of  Porfyria and other Ancient Greek thinkers. From original works of Farabi the treatise "Knowledge Pearls", "Treatise about Views of Residents of the Virtuous City", "Philosophical Treatises" and "Big Book about Music" which brought it popularity in Medieval Europe are most known.

The translations of works of al-Farabi into Latin and Hebrew in medieval Europe were performed in the 12-13th centuries, and in 1930-1932 in Paris a transfer into French of the first part of one of "The big book about music" made by the French scientist Erlanzhe was published.

The name of al-Farabi firmly became history of world science and culture. Its works, having exerted a great influence on the European Renaissance, became the binding bridge for rapprochement of cultures and philosophies of the West and the East.


List of works of al-Farabi


List of works of al-Farabi